The Resident Symphony Orchestra of the City of Anaheim

PROGRAM NOTES

The Brandenburg Concertos


Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Major, BWV 1050

  1. Allegro
  2. Affettuoso
  3. Allegro

Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord Concertato), Hannah Dyslin (Flute), Noriko Yamaga (Violin Solo), Ariana Santis (Violin di Ripieno), Isaias Lopes (Violin di Ripieno), Joana Storm (Violin di Ripieno), Jully Yamamoto (Viola di Ripieno), Carly Nelson (Viola di Ripieno), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Dan Abrams (Bassoon), Sharon Salinger (Bassoon)

The fifth Brandenburg Concerto is the closest set for our modern concept of Concerto. The solo instruments are violin, flute and harpsichord. Bach wrote for this concerto a cadenza for the harpsichord with an improvisatory character to show the virtuosity of the performer.

The First movement starts with the whole ensemble playing energetically, and later on the trio of soloists is introduced.

Only the soloists perform the second movement. Beautiful melodies with a cantabile expression can be observed passing through each instrument. The finale is powerful and vigorous with the theme introduced by the soloists and then by joined by the entire ensemble.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 6 in B-flat Major, BWV 1051

  1. [Allegro]
  2. Adagio ma non tanto
  3. Allegro

Jully Yamamoto (Viola Solo), Holly Harrison (Viola Solo), Rafael da Silva (Cello [Gamba]), Carly Nelson (Viola [Gamba]), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Dan Abrams (Bassoon), Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord), Pedro Sperb (Theorbo)

The two soloists violas present the theme in an imitative “chase” in the first movement. The sixth concerto is the smaller in number of musicians and absolutely rich in long contrapuntally melodies. The second movement, here only accompanied by the Theorbo, emphasizes the emotion of intense melodies. The finale is rhythmic and in a dancing mood.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G Major, BWV 1049

  1. Allegro
  2. Andante
  3. Presto

Noriko Yamaga (Violin Solo), Hannah Dyslin (Flute), Gavin Furuken (Flute), Ariana Santis (Violin di Ripieno), Isaias Lopes (Violin di Ripieno), Joana Storm (Violin di Ripieno), Jully Yamamoto (Viola di Ripieno), Carly Nelson (Viola di Ripieno), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Dan Abrams (Bassoon), Sharon Salinger (Bassoon), Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord), Pedro Sperb (Theorbo)

The fourth concerto calls fro a trio of soloists, twos flutes and one violin. It is the only concerto in the entire set that maintains the same instrumentation for all three movements.

INTERMISSION

Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 in G Major, BWV 1048

  1. [Allegro]
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegro

Noriko Yamaga (Violin), Ariana Santis (Violin), Isaias Lopes (Violin), Jully Yamamoto (Viola), Holly Harrison (Viola), Carly Nelson (Viola), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Rafael da Silva (Cello), Xavier Raheem (Cello), Nancy Aguilar-Roca (Bass), Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord), Pedro Sperb (Theorbo)

Third Brandenburg is different for the other concertos. Instead of a group of soloists dialoguing with the ensemble, the Third concerto is a gathering of soloists. Nine solo string players get solo turns in two of the three movements. A short adagio is observed in between movements, with an improvisatory character Bach wrote only two chords, giving the performer the choice to create.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major, BWV 1047

  1. [Allegro]
  2. Andante
  3. Allegro Assai

Richard Candelaria (Trumpet), Amy Gollins (Oboe), Hannah Dyslin (Flute), Noriko Yamaga (Violin Solo), Ariana Santis (Violin di Ripieno), Albert Romero (Violin di Ripieno), Joana Storm (Violin di Ripieno), Jully Yamamoto (Viola di Ripieno), Carly Nelson (Viola di Ripieno), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Sharon Salinger (Bassoon), Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord), Pedro Sperb (Theorbo)

The Second Brandenburg Concerto announces the theme of victory. The piece starts with an orchestral tutti and each soloist is introduced. The second movement is contemplative and quiet, where the flute, oboe and violin have deep musical conversations accompanied by the continuo. The trumpet returns triumphantly in the third movement announcing the fugue that will follow.

Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F Major, BWV 1046

  1. [Allegro]
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegro
  1. Menuet – Trio – Polonaise

Kristin Morrison (Horn), José Wilker (Horn), Noriko Yamaga (Violin Solo), Victoria Lee (Oboe), Amy Gollins (Oboe), Martin Monson (Oboe), Dan Abrams (Bassoon), Ariana Santis (Violin di Ripieno), Joana Storm (Violin di Ripieno), Jully Yamamoto (Viola di Ripieno), Carly Nelson (Viola di Ripieno), Jefferson Xavier (Cello), Sharon Salinger (Bassoon), Adan Fernandez (Harpsichord), Pedro Sperb (Theorbo)

The Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 is the larger in number of musicians. It is also the only concerto with four movements.

The opening movement is joyful. The second movement is emotional. The third movement is celebratory. The last movement shows vigor and virtuosity in different styles of dances always spaced by the entire ensemble performing the menuet.